Publications by Heather Shouldice


Shouldice, H. N. (2021). Weaving it all together: A practical guide to applying Gordon’s Music Learning Theory in the elementary general music program. GIA Publications.

Reese, J., Shouldice, H. N., & Bailey, J. M. (2021). Q & A for MLT: General music perspectives on Music Learning Theory. GIA Publications.

Book Chapters

Kastner, J.D., & Shouldice, H. N. (2016). Assessment in general music education from early childhood through high school: A review of literature. In Oxford handbooks online.

Journal Articles

* Due to copyright restrictions, I am unable to disseminate final printed versions of articles published in major journals. However, you may email me ( to request a copy of the accepted manuscript if you are unable to access a journal.

Shouldice, H. N. (in press). Female and feminine-presenting band directors’ experiences with gender microaggressions in the United States. Research Studies in Music Education. [Click to read all participant comments from this study, to be included as online supplemental material through the journal.]

Shouldice, H. N., & Pancy, O. (in press). An exploration of musical self-efficacy and chair placement among middle school band students. Research and Issues in Music Education.

Shouldice, H. N. (2023). Gender microaggressions: An examination of existing research on the experiences of female band directors. Update: Applications of Research in Music Education, 41(3), 37-47.

Shouldice, H. N. (2022). An exploratory study of the relationships between teachers’ beliefs about musical ability, assessment, and the purpose of elementary general music. Visions of Research in Music Education, 39, article 6.

Shouldice, H. N., & Woolnough, V. (2022). Relationships between band festival ratings, director gender, and other selected factors. Journal of Research in Music Education, 70(2), 156-167.

Shouldice, H. N. (2021). Evading the MLT police? Making compromises without compromising core values. The GIML Audea: A Journal of Research and Applications of Music Learning Theory, 21(1), 6-12.

Vaughan-Marra, J., & Shouldice, H. N. (2021). Teachers’ experiences as participants in a Music-Learning-Theory-focused virtual mentoring program. The GIML Audea: A Journal of Research and Applications of Music Learning Theory, 21(1), 13-26.

Shouldice, H. N., & Eastridge, J. (2020). A comparison of Virginia band performance assessments in relation to director gender. Journal of Research in Music Education, 68(2), 125-137.

Shouldice, H. N. (2020). An investigation of musical ability beliefs and self-concept among fourth-grade students in the U.S.A. International Journal of Music Education, 38(4), 525-536.

Shouldice, H. N. (2019). “Everybody has something”: One teacher’s beliefs about musical ability and their connection to teaching practice and classroom culture. Research Studies in Music Education, 41(2), 189-205.

Shouldice, H. N. (2017). “I love knowing that what I’m doing has purpose”: Male instrumentalists who choose to teach elementary general music. Journal of Music Teacher Education, 27(1), 48-64. 

Kruse, A. J., Giebelhausen, R., Shouldice, H. N., & Ramsey, A. L. (2015). Male and female photographic representation in 50 years of Music Educators Journal. Journal of Research in Music Education, 62(4), 485-500.

Shouldice, H. N. (2014). Teachers’ beliefs regarding composition in elementary general music: Definitions, values, and impediments. Research Studies in Music Education, 36(2), 215-230.

Shouldice, H. N. (2014). Elementary students’ definitions and self-perceptions of being a “good musician.” Music Education Research, 16(3), 330-345.

Shouldice, H. N. (2013). Trading Hindemith for “Hugs, High-Fives, and Handshakes”: One preservice music teacher’s decision to teach elementary general music. Bulletin of the Council for Research in Music Education, 195, 41-57.