Publications by Heather Shouldice


Shouldice, H. N. (2021). Weaving it all together: A practical guide to applying Gordon’s Music Learning Theory in the elementary general music program. GIA Publications.

Reese, J., Shouldice, H. N., & Bailey, J. M. (2021). Q & A for MLT: General music perspectives on Music Learning Theory. GIA Publications.

Book Chapters

Kastner, J.D., & Shouldice, H. N. (2016). Assessment in general music education from early childhood through high school: A review of literature. In Oxford handbooks online.

Journal Articles

* Due to copyright restrictions, I am unable to disseminate final printed versions of articles published in major journals. However, you may email me ( to request a copy of the accepted manuscript if you are unable to access a journal.

Shouldice, H. N., & Woolnough (in press). Relationships between band festival ratings, director gender, and other selected factors. Journal of Research in Music Education.

Shouldice, H. N., & Eastridge, J. (2020). A comparison of Virginia band performance assessments in relation to director gender. Journal of Research in Music Education, 68(2), 125-137.

Shouldice, H. N. (2020). An investigation of musical ability beliefs and self-concept among fourth-grade students in the U.S.A. International Journal of Music Education, 38(4), 525-536.

Shouldice, H. N. (2019). “Everybody has something”: One teacher’s beliefs about musical ability and their connection to teaching practice and classroom culture. Research Studies in Music Education, 41(2), 189-205.

Shouldice, H. N. (2017). “I love knowing that what I’m doing has purpose”: Male instrumentalists who choose to teach elementary general music. Journal of Music Teacher Education, 27(1), 48-64. 

Kruse, A. J., Giebelhausen, R., Shouldice, H. N., & Ramsey, A. L. (2015). Male and female photographic representation in 50 years of Music Educators Journal. Journal of Research in Music Education, 62(4), 485-500.

Shouldice, H. N. (2014). Teachers’ beliefs regarding composition in elementary general music: Definitions, values, and impediments. Research Studies in Music Education, 36(2), 215-230.

Shouldice, H. N. (2014). Elementary students’ definitions and self-perceptions of being a “good musician.” Music Education Research, 16(3), 330-345.

Shouldice, H. N. (2013). Trading Hindemith for “Hugs, High-Fives, and Handshakes”: One preservice music teacher’s decision to teach elementary general music. Bulletin of the Council for Research in Music Education, 195, 41-57.